Horticulture Department

Horticulture Department is also core department.

For more information or inquery, please feel free to contact the head of department.

Head of Department :
Mohammad Noor Afzaly
Mobile Number :
(+93)-700-893- 634
Email Address :
wardakafzaly@gmail.com
Horticulture Department Image

Departmet Profile

To meet well-educated/skilled workforce needs of public and private agriculture sector of the country, and to prepare graduates who help the country agriculture sector to increase and improve crop quality and as a result income of farmers and agribusiness through filling the present gap of qualified workforce in agriculture. Our objectives are to give the students enough knowledge and skills about:
  • The importance of horticulture in Afghan economy and horticultural crops in human nutrition.
  • The climatic, nutritional, edaphologic, and other requirements of horticultural crops (vegetables, fruits and ornamental plants).
  • Major horticultural crops of Afghanistan, how to grow, train and protect them.
  • Propagating means of horticultural crops such as seeds, cuttings, grafting, budding, layering, etc.
  • Establishment of vegetable and fruit tree nurseries, fruit tree orchards, as well as vineyard establishment and trellising
  • Best practices of Vegetable and fruit production, landscaping and ornamental plants training (proper land preparation, selecting better growing and propagating materials, better fertilization, better irrigation, proper plant protection, etc.)
  • Manipulation of crop factors for the benefit of horticultural crops to increase crop growth and yield and to improve quality.
  • Technology and techniques of off-season vegetable and fruit production through using greenhouse/plastic tunnels.
  • Techniques of vegetables and fruits protection, with more emphasis on integrated pest management (IPM).
  • Postharvest handling of vegetables and fruits (washing/cleaning/drying/ cooling/packing/packaging), vegetable and fruit preservation and storage through using various techniques.
  • Soil testing and water analysis for agriculture purposes, particularly soil fertility and water quality evaluation

Afghanistan is an agricultural country, with the majority of people involved in agricultural activities who depend on agriculture for income and livelihood. Unfortunately, crop yields and products are low and incomes from agricultural activities are generally not satisfactory. One of the main factors/reasons for low yields and low incomes is lack of well educated/skilled/qualified personnel/workforce, equipped with knowledge and skill of appropriate technology and techniques.

Horticulture Department plays an important role in educating, training and preparing young generation equipped with appropriate knowledge and skill in horticulture. This will help to meet well-educated/skilled workforce needs of public and private agriculture sectors of the country, and will prepare graduates who help the country agriculture sector to increase and improve crop quality through filling the present gap concerning qualified workforce in agriculture, which will result high income and better livelihood of the majority of people of the country.

Facilities

  1. Classrooms: Well arranged/clean/neat/well ventilated/bright classrooms with necessary facilities: whiteboards, marker, chairs, fans, heating and lighting facilities, etc., which provide a very pleasant/calm environment for both teaching and learning.
  2. Laboratory: Laboratory with simple soil testing , water analysis and pests diagnosis facilities such as testing kits, microscopes, pruning, grafting, budding, etc. facilities.
  3. Demonstration Farm: A small demonstration farm for the practical work of students and demonstration of best practices.
  4. Instructional materials: Instructional materials in national languages for all technical courses/subjects have lecture notes, which are prepared/revised/upgraded by the instructors of Horticulture Department. A copy of each lecture note is kept in the department as a sample.

Curriculum

First Semester Second Semester Third Semester Fourth Semester
DH 100 Civics I DH 200 Civics II DH 300 Civics III DH 400 Civic IV
DH 101 Introduction to Agriculture DH 201 Introduction to Soil DH 301 Principles of Irrigation DH 401 Soil Fertility & Fertilization
DH 102 Botany DH 202 Fruit Crop Production DH 302 Insect Pests Management DH 402 Postharvest Handling of Hort Crops
DH 103 Computer I DH 203 Vegetable Production DH 303 Plant Diseases Management DH 403 Controlled-Environement Agriculture
DH 104 Inorganic Chemistry DH 204 Organic Chemistry DH 304 Weeds &Their Management DH 404 Agriculture Machinery
DH 105 Mathematics I DH 205 Mathematics II DH 305 Floriculture & Landscaping DH 405 Marketing of Horticulture Crops
DH 106 Physics I DH 206 Plan Propagation DH 306 Extension & Communication DH 406 English IV
DH 107 English I DH 207 English II DH 307 English III DH 407 Computer IV
DH 108 Plant Physiology DH 208 Computer II DH 308 Computer III DH 408 Agriculture Statistics
    DH 309 Genetics & Crop Improvement DH 409 Soil and Water Conservation

Future Plans

Our future plans are:
  • Revision and upgrading the curriculum based on needs and market demand of public and private agriculture sectors.
  • Expansion of laboratory facilities and activities.
  • Establishment and installation of a greenhouse (plastic tunnel) for off-season vegetable and fruit production.
  • Search for appropriate land near Kabul city for establishing vegetable seedlings and fruit tree saplings nursery, fruit tree orchards, best practices of vegetable and fruit production, vineyard establishment and Trellising.
  • Seeking for small packing and packaging facilities which will be used as a demo facility for students.
  • Close cooperation with ATVI-East and ATVI-Helmand in curriculum development/revision/upgrade. etc.

The mentioned program will be implemented by horticulture department staff. The facilities and materials/equipment/tools will be procured/installed/operated after getting required fund. Those items of the plan which don’t need fund or can be managed with the present fund, will be started immediately. Other items of the program which need new fund will be implemented whenever we get the fund.

The factors that can help us in achieving our goals are:
Revision and Upgrading: Revision and upgrading of the curriculum will be arranged with the present facilities.
Laboratory Expansion: Expansion of the laboratories will need mor equipment/tools/materials.
Greenhouse: Establishment and installation of a greenhouse (plastic tunnel) for off-season vegetable and fruit production needs space, special materials/tools/equipment.
Fund/Donors: Appropriate land for establishing vegetable seedlings and fruit tree saplings nursery, fruit tree orchards, best practices of vegetable and fruit production, vineyard establishment and Trellising need fund/donors. Packing and packaging facilities also need donor/fund.
Cooperation: Cooperation with ATVI-East and ATVI-Helmand in curriculum development/revision/upgrading can be arranged with present facilities.
Tools Procurements: For efficient vegetable and fruit protection diagnostic equipment, pesticides (insecticides, fungicides, herbicides, etc.) application tools procurement donors/funds are required.